What is Menopause?

Menopause is the name given to the period when a woman's menstrual cycle ends. Periods that are close to reaching this point are called the menopausal transition period. Menopause is the period that begins with puberty and ends the reproductive years.

The average age to enter menopause is 51.


The hormone produced by the ovaries is called the Estrogen Hormone. The ovaries produce the hormone estrogen from puberty to menopause. Estrogen is produced during the entire menstrual cycle and is the hormone that causes the endometrium to thicken each month.

On the 14th day of the menstrual cycle, an egg is released from the ovaries and makes its way into one of the tubes. If the egg is not fertilized, pregnancy does not occur. In this case, hormone levels drop. This signals it to pour into the uterus, which is the reason for menstruation.
 

Estrogen and Menstrual Changes
As menopause approaches, the ovaries begin to produce less estrogen hormone. The most important symptom that indicates the approach of menopause is changes in the menstrual cycle. One or more menstrual cycles may be skipped during this period. There may be a decrease or increase in density in menstruation. Menstrual bleeding may also be longer or shorter than normal.

Abnormal bleeding can sometimes signal a problem with the uterus. As menopause approaches, there may be changes in menstrual bleeding, but it is still useful to be careful about abnormal bleeding. Contact your doctor in the following cases:

  • If your menstrual cycle changes
  • If you have clots and excessive bleeding
  • If you are bleeding longer than usual
  • Bleeding for less than 3 weeks
  • Bleeding after sexual intercourse
  • At some point, the ovaries begin not to produce enough estrogen to thicken the endometrium. This is the end of menstrual cycles.

After menopause, a small amount of estrogen continues to be produced by other glands and the body. Overweight women may not experience menopausal symptoms because estrogen continues to be produced even after the ovaries begin to fail, thanks to extra body fat.


What is Early Menopause?

Premature menopause happens when a woman's ovaries suddenly stop working or when her ovaries are removed. Women who experience early menopause need to take hormones.

Removal of the uterus, that is, hysterectomy, ends the menstrual cycle, but if the ovaries are not removed, it does not cause early menopause. If the ovaries were not removed after the operation, most women experience menopause at their normal age.

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Menopause Period
Menopause, one of the important milestones in women's lives, often brings to mind the question of what is menopause in women. The literal meaning of this word, which describes the cessation of menstrual bleeding and the end of fertility, means the last menstrual bleeding. On average, the ovaries of women at the age of 40 respond less to the stimuli coming from the brain, which is called the climacteric period.

An average of one third of a woman's life is spent in the menopause period, and the age of menopause in women has not changed much since ancient times, and it is around 45 to 55 worldwide. Menopause that occurs before the age of 40 is defined as early menopause. This period is one of the natural stages of life in general.

However, with the onset of menopause in women, some differences affect life deeply and negatively. This leads to the occurrence of many diseases and a decrease in the quality of life. With the developing medicine, the menopause created on women has begun to be minimized, so women do not watch menopause as they used to.

Menopause symptoms in women are undoubtedly among the most curious about menopause. During this period, the secretion of estrogen hormone in women decreases, and accordingly, ovulation decreases or stops. This condition causes atrophy of the urinary tract, which can cause hot flushes, palpitations, sweating, weakness, depression, osteoporosis, a tendency to develop arteriosclerosis, reluctance to sexual intercourse, dryness in the genitals, painful intercourse and urinary incontinence.

Menopause, which also shows symptoms in terms of mental aspects, causes easy irritability, insomnia, mental tension, forgetfulness, introversion and sexual reluctance. However, these conditions can show symptoms not only as a sign of menopause, but also as a precursor to other diseases. Such symptoms should not be neglected and a specialist should definitely be consulted.

There is no complete answer to the question of how long the menopause period lasts in women, which is quite a curiosity. This situation differs for each person. Normally, it passes between 3-5 years. However, depending on this person, it may take 10 years for some people and 1 year for others. In a woman who is in the menopause period, there is a decrease in bone mass and bone destruction increases. In addition, lower urinary tract infections are common. On the other hand, one of the most important problems is cardiovascular diseases. This is related to the decrease in estrogen hormone.

It should be known that sexual desire does not occur due to menopause. Because for women, sexuality is a type of behavior that can be learned. Therefore, postmenopausal sexuality in women can become more colorful than before, which is very natural. However, there may be a decrease in sexual desire during the depression attacks and adjustment phase that may occur during the menopause entry phase. In this case, it is possible to get rid of it by getting support with the right methods and applying treatments without panicking.

In women, whom it is very difficult to overcome alone, during the menopause period, people around the person have great duties. During this period, it is very important for the spouse and children to be understanding and to help the woman, that a woman can easily cope with this difficult process thanks to the support and consolation of her relatives.

As a result, the woman goes into great trouble due to the cessation of menstruation and the loss of her fertility, and the physical and mental problems she experiences make this period very difficult.

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